VAT and Sales Tax

A major component of the Firm’s VAT and Sales Tax practice consists of advising our clients on: The legislation and operation of VAT: the concept of a VAT ‘supply: compliance issues: commercial property transactions: the option tax: sales and letting of residential property: ‘relevant’ residential and charitable purpose buildings: listed buildings and urban regeneration energy efficient construction. The firm provides a full service assistance to its clients with all aspect of VAT and Sales Tax laws.

Intellectual Property

The firm offers its clients the benefits of a full-service patent, trademark, copyright and technology law practice that is active in both domestic and foreign areas. The firm’s practice is directed not only to obtaining protection of intellectual property rights for its clients, but also to successfully enforcing such rights and defending its clients in court and before the Patent Office, when necessary.

The need for intellectual property protection, as well as the clear, prompt evaluation and resolution of issues and problems surrounding it, has become increasingly important for both large and small clients. Our attorneys are capable of handling any project or problem our clients are confronted with, providing complete legal services in the intellectual property area.

The firm has substantial experience in all phases of patent, trademark, copyright and trademark litigation in courts throughout Pakistan and before the Patent Office. Such litigation includes significant successful experience in obtaining temporary emergency relief when circumstances demand it. The firm’s intellectual property services include evaluating the strengths of cases and negotiating successful settlements on behalf of clients in lieu of trial. The attorneys at the firm have obtained their litigation experience working for a wide range of clients, from big companies to individual entrepreneurs.

Taxation Law

The firm’s tax attorneys have extensive experience in representing clients before the Taxation Authorities of Pakistan and its local inspection offices. This representation has covered the full range of tax conflicts¬. Broad practice at adjudication officers has involved a broad range of income, sales, use and other tax issues. The firm regularly represents clients in patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret litigation and intellectual property matters.

The firm’s litigators have extensive experience representing contractors, subcontractors, building owners and architects in a wide variety of matters, including drafting of contracts and counseling on litigation avoidance. They also provide representation before courts as well as alternative dispute resolution forums in connection with litigation or claims arising out of the construction process, including breach of contract claims and mechanics lien claims.

Tariff Negotiations

The procedure and practice to implement the provisions relating to tariff negotiations have evolved considerably since the GATT was established in 1947. The provisions themselves have undergone many changes and transformations ever since. The attorneys at the firm handles such negotiations very ably and provide assistance and necessary guidance to the negotiating parties.

Debt Recovery

The firm provides full range of services to its client for debt recovery. The Firm’s attorneys are fully trained to deal with delicate issues in debt recovery services. The firm’s clients are fully satisfied with firm’s performance in recovering millions of dollars as bad debts through firm’s recovery efforts.

Asset Securitization and Structured Finance

The securitization and structured finance transactions within the Capital Markets Group cover a wide range of financial products backed by a variety of different asset classes, including: receivables, aircraft leases and equipment notes, bank loans and mortgages

Leasing and Other Asset-Backed Activity

The Firm is a recognized leader in leasing, asset-based financial structures, and structured financial transactions in Pakistan. The firm has been involved in institutional leveraged lease transactions from their inception and, in many years of experience, have represented all parties to leasing transactions, including equity investors, lessors, lessees, borrowers, financial advisors, lenders, and credit support providers of all kinds.

Contract Law

The firm’s commercial lawyers specialize in contracts, agreements, terms of business and other commercial documents, to ensure that clients are able to maximize their commercial opportunities while minimizing risk. Firm’s lawyers approach to creating workable and watertight contracts is founded in their ability to really understand their clients, their businesses and the underlying commercial requirements.

- Dispute Resolution


The firm’s Intellectual Property lawyers provide its clients with a complete range of patent services. Its patent attorneys routinely provide clients with opinions on the patentability of new developments as well as opinions on validity and infringement of existing patents for new product development and litigation.

When circumstances dictate the filing for clients of domestic patent applications and foreign counterpart patent applications, the group prepares and files such applications in the appropriate national patent office. The firm files international patent applications for its clients under the Patent Cooperation Treaty ("PCT") and also handles national patent applications filed in foreign countries based upon such PCT patent applications.

Work Permits for Foreigners

In Pakistan it is permissible to employ a foreigner who holds a special visa for such employment. Pakistani laws stipulate that the employer but not the employee should apply for a work permit. The firm’s attorneys draft all necessary documents to receive necessary permits or prolong it for the next term at the respective Ministry or at its corresponding local center.

Business Formation

The firm’s practice has more than 15 lawyers who provide a broad range of corporate and business services to publicly held corporations and private businesses. In many cases, firm serves as general counsel for corporations and represent them in all aspects of their corporate life – from the original establishment of the enterprise through all aspects of its evolution and operation. Firm’s corporate practice is broad and often intersects with closely related practices – particularly tax, corporate transactions, and securities.

Tax Conflicts

The firm’s tax attorneys have extensive experience in representing clients before the Pakistan Tax authorities. This representation has covered the full range of tax conflicts, from initial interviews with the tax inspector to representation before the administrative court, and has involved a broad range of income and other tax issues.